The United States will not admit refugees for the next four months. In that period of time, Trump will revise the refugee program. After these four months, refugees can only enter the U.S. after being thoroughly screened. Additionally, no visa will be provided to people originating from Iran, Irak, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. This executive order produced an international shockwave of criticism. The purpose of this policy is to revise the refugee program that is in place at this moment and to protect the American people from terrorist attacks by foreign nationals admitted to the United States. This is absolutely a legitimate goal; however, this policy fails to do that.
First, nationals from the seven banned countries killed zero Americans on U.S. soil between 1975 and 2015 according to an analysis by the Cato Institute. It seems especially odd since the ban does not include the four countries (Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE and Lebanon) from which the 9/11 terrorists originated. Critics said that Trump is picking favorites and even suggest there might be a conflict of interest since he has business interests there.
Second, since 9/11 more than 750,000 refugees have resettled in the U.S. and those who have been implicated in terrorist-related activities can be counted on one hand. Refugees are people who have demonstrated a well-founded fear of persecution if they would return. They undergo extensive screening before they are admitted and there is no evidence that there are any terrorists among the very small number (12,500) of Syrian refugees. The amount of refugees admitted by the U.S. is not high compared to other countries. In 2016, 85,000 refugees were admitted by the U.S. while for example Germany, which has a much lower population, admitted 200,000 in 2016.
Lastly, the executive order is especially hard on women and children. In 2016, the largest group of refugees came from Congo, followed by Syria, Myanmar, Irak and Somalia. Mainly women and children enter the U.S. (72%), and approximately half of all refugees are muslim (46%) whereas 44% is christen.
The president has all the rights and reasons to protect its citizens; it is his task. Yet, a policy that misses its goal, produces an international shockwave and is especially hard on women and children should be critisized; which it is by many people. One of those people is former president Barack Obama; he is heartened by the level op engagement taking place in communities around the country.